In India, figs have different names across different states in various languages. It is called “Anjeer” in Hindi, “Anjura” in Kannada, “Dumoor” in Bengali and “Atti Pazham” in Tamil as well as in Malayalam. The Latin name for Figs is Ficus carica and belongs to the Mulberry family and is also available throughout the year. They are known for their sweet taste and aroma. It has originated from West Asia and the Middle East and also varies in color and size. The health benefits of figs are many and have now gained a lot of popularity as a healthy and nutritious fruit. It can be consumed either raw or dried and can be consumed as a healthy snack.
30 Figs Health Benefits
1. Nutritional Value Of Figs
A 100g of raw figs contains about 72 calories, 0.7g of proteins, 0.3g of fat, 19g of carbohydrates, 232 mg of potassium, 0.1 mg of thiamine, 142 IU of vitamin A, 2 mg of vitamin C, 35 mg of calcium, 0.1 mg of vitamin B6, 0.1 mg of manganese, 4.7 ug of vitamin K, 3 g of fiber and 17 mg of magnesium. A 100 g of dried figs contains 249 Kcal, 0.9g of fat, 9.8g of fiber, 3.3g of protein, 63.9g of carbohydrate, 15.6 mg Vitamin K, 0.5 mg of zinc, 0.1 mg of riboflavin, 0.1 mg of thiamine, 0.1 mg of Vitamin B6, 67 mg of phosphorous, 2 mg of iron, 0.3 mg of copper, 162 mg of calcium, 68 mg of magnesium, 680 mg of potassium and 0.5 mg of manganese. Thus, it is high in minerals and vitamins. Also, the nutritional value increases when they are dried.
2. Helps To Lower Blood Pressure
Figs contains good amounts of potassium that is great for maintaining blood pressure. Thus, people who suffer from high blood pressure can lower their blood pressure by eating figs regularly. A study conducted in Japan showed that diabetics that consume figs may help protect against heart and kidney problems.
3. Improves Heart Health
One of the benefits of anjeer is that it can lower the levels of triglycerides and cholesterol levels in the body. This in turn lowers the bad cholesterol levels due to the presence of antioxidants in them and also lowers the oxidation of the bad cholesterol. It also helps in preventing blockage of arteries and prevents coronary heart diseases.
4. Maintains Blood Sugar Levels
Blood sugar levels increases after consuming meals. One of the health benefits of figs is that they are rich in potassium that helps reducing the absorption of sugar in the blood stream. Thereby, lowering the blood sugar levels and can be helpful to diabetic patients, especially people suffering from Type 2 diabetes.
5. Improves Bone Health
One of the benefits of dried figs are that they are rich in calcium. So, by consuming them they can increase the bone density and thereby, strengthen the bones. Even though milk has the highest amount of calcium, some people are lactose intolerant. So, adding figs to their diet will help provide them with calcium as well as provide them with high nutritional value.
6. Prevents Constipation
Figs are high in fiber content and thus helps in easing digestion. In this case, it can help in relieving constipation and softening the stools. This is one of the benefits of figs.
7. Treats Anemia
Anemia is caused due to lesser absorption of iron in the body as well as deficiency of iron in the blood. One of the benefits of dried figs are that they can provide the body with nearly 2% of the required daily amount of iron and thus, helps in increasing the amount of iron in the body and thereby, treating anemia.
8. Treats Kidney Stones
One of the health benefits of figs are that they can be helpful in getting rid of kidney stones. Boil up to 6 figs in a cup of water and drink this regularly for a month. This will help to get rid of kidney stones effectively.
Reducing acne is also one of the health benefits of figs. They contain good amounts of antioxidants that help fight against bacterial infections that cause acne. Also, figs have monounsaturated fatty acids that help improve the texture of the skin. Apply a paste of ground fresh figs on the face and leave it on for 15 minutes. After this, you can wash your face. Do this every day for best results.
10. Natural Hair Conditioner
Figs are used commercially for producing hair conditioners. This is due to the fact that it is rich in Vitamin C and E which is vital for the texture and strengthening of the hair. In this case, you can massage fig oil in the hair along with your conditioner and leave it on for a few minutes. After this, you can wash your hair to remove excess oil and it will leave your hair shiny and lustrous.
11. Detangles Hair
One of the health benefits of figs oil is that it can smoothen out the hair. Frizzy or rough hair can easily tangle which can cause hair breakage while combing. Using fig oil can help in detangling the hair and help promote manageable hair.
12. Prevent Gray Hair
Many people are embarrassed with gray hair and have to use commercial hair colors from time to time which may damage the hair. In this case, figs have a beneficial copper enzyme that helps in marinating the hair color and preventing gray hair. This fruit also prevents damage to the hair caused by the harmful sun rays.
13. Prevents Macular Degeneration
Figs contains antioxidants, carotenoids as well as vitamins which play a crucial role in preventing macular degeneration. Thus, foods such figs may help in protecting the eyes against vision loss.
14. Protects Against Hypertension
Hypertension is caused due to the high intake of sodium. One of the health benefits of figs is that they are high in potassium and low in sodium. This helps in protection against hypertension and is helpful in relaxing your mood.
15. Prevents Calcium Loss
Urinary calcium loss is characterized by the loss of calcium through the urine. One of the benefits of anjeer is that it helps promoting the excretion of uric acid and other harmful toxins out of the body.
16. Relieves Throat Pain
Sore throats are usually caused by bacterial infection. This can be counteracted by the mucilage content in the figs as it helps in relieving pain and stress on the vocal cords caused due to the sore throat. This is one of the benefits of dried figs.
17. Protection Against Sexually Transmitted Diseases
One of the benefits of figs is that they can help protect against diseases caused by bacteria present on the mucus membranes of semen, blood or vaginal secretions. This is due to the fact that figs are rich in antioxidants that kill bacteria. Topical application can help reduce the transmission of these diseases, however, more studies needs to be carried out to check the effectiveness of the fruits.
18. Natural Aphrodisiac
According to the ancient Greeks, figs have been thought to increase fertility as it is rich in minerals like zinc magnesium and manganese; that play a crucial role in supporting reproductive health.
19. Aids In Weight Loss
Figs are high fiber fruits that help in improving digestion. This helps in reducing body weight also, by making the person feel full and thereby, consuming lesser calories.
20. Anticancer Agent
Studies have shown where some elements in the figs have toxic effects on human cancer cells. Figs are high in antioxidants that help in neutralizing free radicals as well as preventing cell DNA damage that may lead to the development of tumor cells.
21. Immune System Boosters
Studies have shown that one of the figs helps in boosting immunity by fighting against oral bacteria, fungi as well as other pathogens. This is due to the fact that it contains high amounts of antioxidants as well as minerals.
22. Reduces The Symptoms Of Diabetes
Figs are anti diabetic agents as the leaves of the fig tree can reduce the amount of insulin needed by diabetic patients. By adding the fig extract to the diet, it can actually produce an insulin lowering effect and make the diabetic patient less dependent on insulin. Studies have shown where there is a decrease in cholesterol levels as well as in oxidative stress, in diabetics.
23. Reduces Wrinkles
Studies have shown where fig leaves as well fig fruit extract can help reduce wrinkles due to their antioxidants and anti-collagenase compounds. Other studies have also shown cosmetics containing fig extracts can also deal with acne, hyper pigmentation and freckles.
24. Treat Hemorrhoids
Figs act as natural laxatives when consumed in large amounts. This is due to the high fiber content present in them. They also have lipids that help in soothing the painful hemorrhoids and reducing the inflammation caused by them.
25. Aids In Sleep
Many people complain about being tired all the time. This can be reduced by adding figs to the diet. Figs contain good amounts of tryptophan that is crucial for getting a good amount of sleep. This can also help to reduce the effects of insomnia.
26. Prevents Postmenopausal Breast Cancer
Some women that undergo menopause may later on develop breast cancer. Figs can reduce the risk due to the antioxidants present in them and also high amounts of fiber in them. This is one of the health benefits of figs.
27. Improves Oral Health
Some suffer from bad breath and mouth ulcers. These are mainly caused due to harmful oral bacteria that cause gum inflammation and cavities in the mouth. To counteract this problem, chew few fig leaves every day until the symptoms subside. This is due to the fact that fig leaves contain antibacterial as well as anti-inflammatory properties in them.
28. Treats Skin Problems
Skin problems like psoriasis, boils and warts can cause inflammation and may also be painful. Apply baked fig on the affected areas of the skin. It penetrates the skin and provides them with antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties that help relieve the skin conditions. It can also cure abscesses and corns on the feet.
29. Natural Moisturizer
One of the best advantage of figs is that they have good amounts of nutrients and omega 3 fatty acids that help replenish the skin cells. It also hydrates the skin and prevents cellular aging. Thus, creams containing figs or fresh fig paste can be applied on the skin for a few minutes.
30. Alleviates Cracked Lips
Apply fresh fig paste on to the cracked lips and this will help in tightening the pores as well as hydrate the lips. This is one of the benefits of anjeer.
Figs should be carefully chosen while purchasing at the grocery store. Make sure that they are not too mushy which means that they may be too ripe or spoilt. In this manner, you can get a vast number of fig health benefits, if you add them to your diet.